Friday, June 1, 2012

List of Characters,etc. for The Illustrated guide to the vedic universe

ADHIRATHA. Foster father of Karna.
AGASTYA KUTTA. This is the sacred mount where the sage, Agastya, sat and did penance during his sojourn in the
southern parts of India. In the Kiskindha Kanda of Valmiki Ramayana we find King Sugriva commanding that all .his
soldiers going in search of Sita should pay homage to the sage Agastya.
AHICCHATRA (M). A state under the sovereignty of  King Pancala. On the completion of his studies under  Drona
Arjuna brought before his preceptor King Dru  pada as a captive in discharge of the duty he owed to  him  as his
master. Drupada then gave the state- of  Ahicchatra to Drona
AHIMSA. Non-injury.
AJAGAVA. Ajagava is a bow made of the horns of a goat and a cow. Brahmins tormented the right hand of the King
Vena. From it the brilliant Prthu who shone brightly like the God Agni, appeared as the son of Vena. At that time the
very first Ajagava bow, divine arrows and armours dropped from the sky. (Visnu Purana, Part I, Chapter 13 ) .
AKSAHRDAYA. A sacred chant or mantra.
One who knows this sacred chant can find out all secrets of a game of dice and can count within rap time the
number of leaves, fruits and flowers on a tree.
AKSAUHINI. A big division of an army
AKSAYAPATRA. This is a copper vessel given to Dharmaputra by Surya (Sun
ALAKANANDA. River Gariga of devaloka.
ALAMBUSA 1. Son of the Rackshasha
ALAMBUSA 2. A Rackshasha, the son of Jatasura. Ghatotkaca killed this giant in the battle.
ALAYUDHA. A Rackshasha. He was the brother of Bakasura.
AMARAVATI. It is the city of Indra, the King of the Devas.
AMBA. Dauter of a King of Kasi.
AMBALIKA. (1) The youngest of the three daughters of the King of Kasi
AMBARISA I. A King of the Iksvaku dynasty.
AMRTAM  a delicious and precious food obtained from the ocean of Milk when the Devas and Asuras churned it
ANASIYA. Wife of Sage Atri, son of Brahma.
ANDHAKA . An Asura.
ANGA. A King belonging to the Candra varhsa. (Lunar dynasty).
ANGADA . A son of Bali.
ANGA (M) . The kingdom ruled by King Anga. Other details
ANGARAKA . An Asura who took the form of a pig.
ANIRUDDHA. Grandson of Sri Krsna.
ANJANA.  Mother of Hanuman-Wife of Kesari,
ANJANA. This is an elephant belonging to the Asuras. ANJANA PARVAN. He was the son of Ghatotkaca
ANUHLADA. Brother of Prahlada.
ANUVINDA  The puranas refer to one Anuvinda, a prince of Avanti.
APSARAS. * An Apsaras is a nymph (devastri). These apsara women were born at the churning of the ocean of Milk.
(Valmiki Ramayana, Balakanda, Chapter 45, Verse 32 and Visnu Purana, Part I, Chapter 9 and Agni Purana, Chapter
3) . There are thousands of Apsaras. (Details given against the names of Apsaras).
ARAKKILLAM. (Palace of wax).
ARAYANNAM. The swan (Harirsa).
ARISTA (ARISTAKA). An asura, a servant of Kamsa.
ARISTANEMI  One of the six sons of Vinata.
ARJUNA. The third of the Pandavas.
ASIKNI  A wife of Daksa
AS0KA I. The charioteer of Bhimasena
ASTADOTAGUNA(S). The eight qualities of a good messenger. (1) He should not stand perplexed when he is being
given the message to carry. (2) He must be smart and enthusiastic. (3) He must have compassion for those in
distress. (4) He must run his errand quickly. (5) He must be mild. (6) He should not be duped by the cunning words
of others. (7) He must be healthy. (8) He must be able to talk convincingly.
ASTAKA . A Rajarsi born to Visvamitra of Madhavi, wife of Yayati.
ASTAKASTA(S). Kama (lust), Krodha (anger), Lobha (greed), Moha (delusion), Mada (arrogance), Matsarya (rivalry),
Dambha (pride) and Asuya (jealousy).
ASTALOHA(S). Eight metals.
ASTAMANGALA. Brahmins, bow, Fire, gold, ghee, Sun, water and King.
ASTA-VASU(S). 8 Vasus
ASTAVIDHANAYIKA(S). Eight kinds of heroines of the stage
ASTAVIDHAPRAKIZTYAVASTHA (S) . Earth, Water, Agni, Air, Ether, Mind, Intelligence and Egotism.
ASTAVIVAHA (S) Eight kinds of marriage. (1) Brahma (2) Daiva (3) Arsa (4) Prajapatya (5) Gandharva (6) Asura (7)
Raksasa (8) Paisaca.
ASTRA. Asura
ASVINIKUMARA(S) (ASVINIDEVAS). Satya and Dasra, the two sons of Surya (The Sun) are called Asivianikumaras.
ATALA. This is one of the seven sections of Patfila. The seven sections are : Atala, Vitala, Sutala, Talatala, Mahatala,
Rasatala, Patala.
ATHARVA(M). Among the Vedas, this has the fourth place.
ATIKAYA. One of the sons of Ravana.
ATITHI (guest). In ancient Bharata Atithi-satkara (hospitality to a guest) was considered as a yajfia.
AVANTI  VAIVISA. (The Dynasty of Avanti) .
AVATARA. (Incarnation). The incarnations of Mahavisnu
ACAMANA. First drink water three times accompanied by incantations
ADITYA. The twelve sons born to the sage Kasyapa
AJAGARAVRATA. The vrata practised by the sage, Ajagara
AJAGAVA. The bow of Mandhata and PTthu and the Gandiva of Arjuna bear the name Ajagava.
ANA (Elephant).
ASTIKA. The son of the Maharsi Jaratkaru and his wife
ATREYA. A sage
AYURVEDA. It is the •science which Dhanvantari taught

BABHRUVAHANA. A son of Arjuna.
BADARIKASRAMA. (BADARYASRAMA). A very holy place in the Himalayas. It was here that Nara and Narayana did
penance for thousands of years and the Puranas, therefore, give it a very prominent place in them.
BAHU . A king of the Surya-varhsa (solar dynasty). He was the father of Sagara.
BAKA I. A demon.
BAKA II. A demon. As young boys Sri Krsna and Balaramabhadra
BALA . A son of Mayasura.
BALABHADRA. (Balabhadrarama, Balarama, Baladeva). The elder brother of Sri Krsna
BALHIKA  A son of Pratipa; a King of the Kuru dynasty. He had two brothers, Devapi and Santanu.
BALI (MAHABALI) I. An emperor of the Asuras. He was the son of Virocana and the grandson of Prahlada.
BALI. A mighty monkey-king.
BANA . A mighty and powerful Asura.
BANDHUDAYADA. A son who can claim to be a heir.
BARBARIKA. Son of Maurvi born of Ghatotkaca,
BHADRAKALI. Another form of Parvati.
BHAGADATTA. Bhagadatta was King of Pragjyotisapura
BHAIRAVA  A Parsada of Siva.
BHAKTI. A  devi
BHARADVAJA . The sage Bharadvaja of Puranic fame.
BHARANI. One of the twentyseven constellations.
BHARATA . Son of Dusyanta born of Sakuntala.BHARATA II. Son of Dasaratha.
BHARATA III. A son of Rsabha.
BHARATA (MAHABHARATA). An epic written by Vyasa.
BHARATA . (Bbaratavarsa. India).
BHIMA. Bhimasena, one of the five Pandavas.

CAKRA(M) I. Sudarsana Cakra (disc) of Mahavisnu.
CAKSUS. An art, the study of which will enable one to see anything in the three worlds
CAMARA (M) . A rod (handle) with large tuft of hair,.
CANDIKA. A terrific form of Parvati, who is worshipped in temples under the name Candikadevi
CANDRAHASA (M). Ravana's sword.
CANDRAVAMSA. A royal dynasty the kings of which ruled India for a long time.
CATURMASYA. A penance (Vrata) which continues for four months.
CATURUPAYAM. The four means used by Kings in olden times to achieve their objects are called Caturupayam.
Sama, dana, bheda and danda
CATURVARNYAM. (The four Castes, Classes).
CEDI. A king of the Yaduvarnsa.
CERIPPU. (FOOTWEAR). There is a story in Mahabharata of how (footwear and umbrella) were born.
CHAYA. A substitute of Sariljna, daughter of Visvakarma.
CINTAMANI. A diamond.
CITRAGUPTA. A minister of Kala. (God of death). His duty is to examine, after the death of men, a list of the good
and evil actions they had done while living. (M.B. Anusasana Parva, Chapter 130).
CITRAKETU . An emperor,
CITRANGADA  A son of the Maharaja Santanu.
CITRANGADA  A gandharva.
CITRANGADA . A wife of Arjuna.CITRARATHA. A devagandharva.
CITRASENA . A gandharva.
COLA. A very righteous emperor of Kancipura.
COLA (M). The three celebrated kingdoms of SouthIndia of old were Cola, Pindya and Cera.
CYAVANA. A celebrated sage of the Bhirgava dynasty.

DAMAYANTI Daughter of Bhima the King of Vidarbha. One of the most noble of all the Vedic heroines,
DANDANITI. (The laws of chastisement).
DANTAVAKTRA . He was the rebirth of Vijaya,
DARUKA Sri Krsna's charioteer.
DASARATHA. (Nemi). A famous king of the Iksvaku dynasty. He was the father of Sri Rama.
DATTATREYA. (DATTA). A hermit famous in the puranas.
DEVA (S). Gods or deities.
DEVAHUTI. A daughter of Svayambhuva Manu
DEVAKI. Mother of gri Krsna.
DEVAYANI. Sukracarya's daughter.
DEVI. (Prakriti).
DEVIPITHA. The dead body of Sati-devi crumbled into 41. Vipula Vipula  small pieces and fell in different places
DHANVANTARI   a preceptor in Ayurveda.DHARMA. A deva
DHARMAPUTRA. The eldest of the Pandavas,
DHAUMYA  A hermit.
DHENUKA.. A fierce Raksasa  with the figure of a donkey.
DHRSTADYUMNA. The son of King Drupada. He was brother of Paficali.
DHRTARASTRA. I. Father of the Kauravas.
DHYANA. ( Meditation)
DIRGHATAMAS. A great Muni.
DRAVYASUDDHI. Purifying impure things,
DRONA . The teacher in archery of the Pdndavas and the Kauravas.
DRUPADA. ( Saumaki,' Yajnasena). Father of Pancali.
DUNDUBHI A terrible asura, son of Maya and brother of Mayavi.
DURGA. The goddess of the universe
DURGAMA. An asura chief born in the dynasty of Hiranyaksa and son of Tarn,
DURMUKHA  One of the hundred sons of Dhrtarastra.


EKACAKRA. A village where the Pandavas lived for some time .
EKADASI. The eleventh day after a new moon or full moon day.
EKALAVYA . Son of Hiranyadhanus, a King of the foresters. He went to Dronacarya to learn archery.
EKAVIRA' (HEHAYA). A founder of the Hehaya line of kings.

GADA. A weapon.
GADA . A brother (Yadava) of Balabhadrarama.
GADHI  Father of Visvamitra.
GALAVA. A celebrated sage.
GANAPATI. A son of Siva with face like that of an elephant.
GANDHAMADANA(M). A mountain famed in the Puranas
GANDHARA. A stretch of land of ancient Bharata.
GANDHARI. Wife of Dhrtarastra.
GANDHARVA . Gandharvas are sons born to the famous Kasyapaprajapati of his wife, Aristha
GANDHARVA-VIVAHA. A marriage settled by the boy and the girl of their own accord. A love marriage.
GANDIVA. The famous bow of Arjuna.
GANGA. The famous and holy river of India.
GARUDA. King of birds.
GAYA. A particular locality in North India
GHRTACI. She was an exceptionally beautiful apsara woman, and she revelled in disturbing the peace of the sages
GIRIVRAJA. A city which has gained great importance in all the Puranas of India.
GODAVARI. A river of South India. This river has been glorified much in the Puranas.GOKARNA. A sacred place of Puranic importance situated on the extreme north of Kerala*
GOMATI. (KAUSIKI). A celebrated river of Puranic fame. This is worshipped as a goddess.
GOVARDHANA. A mountain of Ambadi (Gokula). This is believed to be a form of Krsna.
GRHASTHA. In ancient India the life of a male person was divided into four stages, namely, Brahmacarya
Garhasthya, Vanaprastha and Sannyasa. He who is in the second stage of life is called a Grhastha.
GUHA. King of the country of Nisadas
GUHYAKA. (A division of Yaksas who were prominent members of the court of Kubera).
GURUPARAMPARA. The origin of the Vedas and the lineage of Gurus is given below:                            

HAHA. A Gandharva,
HAMSA A minister of jarasandha.
HANUMAN. A great servant of Rama
HARISCANDRA . A King of the solar dynasty very much reputed for his unique truthfulness and integrity.
HASTINAPURA. Capital city of the Pandavas.
HAYAGRIVA . An incarnation of Visnu.
HIRANYA. (Hiranyakasipu, Hiranyaksa)
HOMA KUNDA (M). The pit for making offerings during yajfias
HUHU. A Gandharva, son of Kasyapaprajapati by Pradha.

IKSVAKU.1 A son of Vaivasvata Manu.
ILA . Daughter of Vaivasvata Maim.
INDRADYUMNA  A King born in the dynasty of Svayambhuva Manu, and a king of the Pandya country.
INDRADYUMNA . A king who lived in the Krta yuga, and a devotee of Visnu. He established the jagannatha temple
INDRAJIT. Ravana's son, Meghanada.
INDRANI. Wife of Indra (Saci)
INDRAPRASTHA. Capital city of the Pandavas.
INDRAPUJA: This puja (Indra-worship)
IRAVAN. A son born to Arjuna of the serpent damsel (Nagakanya) named Ulupi.

JAHNU.  Gangas name Jhanavi comes from this sageF
JAMADAGNI. A hermit of majestic power. He was the father of Parasurama.
JAMBAVAN. A hero of extraordinary might. He was the minister of Sugriva.
JANAKA.Father of Sita
JANALOKA. One of the fourteen worlds.
JANAMEJAYA I. A famous King of the Solar dynasty
JARA. (Raksasi).
JARASANDHA I. A terrible King of Magadha.
JATAYU. A bird famous in the Puranas.
JAYADRATHA 1. A mighty warrior King who ruled over the kingdom of Sindhu.
JAYANTA . Son of Indra.
JYOTISA(M). (Astronomy and astrology).

KACA. The first son of Brhaspati. That extremely beautiful boy was a great favourite of the devas.
KADRU. Wife of Kasyapa and daughter of Daksaprajapati.
KALA. Art. The sixtyfour arts
KALA  (YAMA). The god of Death.
KALAMANA. (Calculating time
KALI I. Incarnation of sin, the Sin-god.
KALINDIDVIPA. It was on this island that Vyasa was born
KALINGA An ancient place in the south of Bharata.
KALKI. The tenth avatara (incarnation) of Mahavisnu.
K AMA  Cupid
KAMSA . Son of Ugrasena, King of Mathura, and an incarnation of an Asura called Kalanemi.
KANVA  . (KASYAPA). Foster Father of shakuntalaKAPILA . A fierce sage.
KARNA  The eldest son of Kunti.
KARTAV IRYARJUNA (KARTAV IRYA) . A renowned King of the Hehaya dynasty.
KASYAPA . Chief among the Prajapatis.
KISKINDHA. An ancient kingdom of the monkeys in South India
SRI KRSNA. Born in the Yadava dynasty as the son of Vasudeva and Devaki,
KRTAVARMA. A King of the Vrsni dynasty.
KSETRA (S). Sacred spots.
KUNTI (PRTHA). Wife of King Pandu and the mother of the Pandavas,
KUSA Il. One of the two sons of Sri Rama, the other, being Lava.

Lakshman Son born to Dagaratha of Sumitra
LAKSMI I. Consort of Mahavisnu.
LANKA. The kingdom of Ravana.
LOMAPADA (ROMAPADA). A King of the country of Anga.
LOMASA I (ROMASA) I. A sage, who was a great story-.teller.

MAGHA . One of the twentyseven constellations.
MAHAMERU. The golden coloured peak of Himavan. The seat of Lord diva, according to the Puranas.
MAHISA. An Asura.
MAITREYA. A sage of great brilliance of ancient India.
MANDODARI Wife of Ravana.
MANGALA. A deity in the form of Kuja or Planet Mars.
Maya Danava

NAGARA. In ancient days there were rules and principles regulating the construction of a city.
NAGASTRA. A destructive weapon (arrow
NAHUSA I. A famous King of the Lunar dynasty.
NAKSATRAYOGA. It is ordained in the Puranas that alms-giving on each star or day will be rewarded by particular
attainments. This is called Naksatrayoga.
NALA  Nala the King of Nisadha
NALAKUBARA. A son of Vaisravana. He had a brother called Manigriva.
NANDAGOPA. Foster-father of Sri Krsna.
NARA  A hermit of divine power.
NARADA. A very famous sage of the Puranas.
NARAKA  (NARAKASURA). A valiant Asura.
NARAYANA. One of the two Rsis famous as Naranarayanas.
NIMI  A famous emperor who was the son of Ik svaku,

PANCABHUTA. Prthvi (earth), Ap (water), Tejas (fire), Vayu (air) and Akasa (ether)
PANCALI. Draupadi, wife of the Pandavas.
PANDU . Father of the Pandavas.
PARVATI. Wife of Siva.
PASUPATA. . The missile of Siva.
PATALA. The last of the seven regions or worlds under the earth
PRITHU . A King of great virtue part of Vishnu born in the line of Dhruva.
PULASTYA. One of the Prajapatis.
PURU  A celebrated king of Candravamsa.
PURURAVAS.  A prominent king of the (lunar race).
PUSPAKA . A divine Aerial Chariot.

RADHA Sri. Krsna's dearest consort.
RAHU. An Asura.
RAJA (N) . All the important Puranas have laid special emphasis on the importance of rules for Kings.
RAJANITI. (Politics and administration).
RAKSASA  Bhutalords
RAKTABIJA. Blood demon
RAMA (SRI RAMA). The seventh incarnation of Mahavisnu, a very powerful king of the solar dynasty.
RANTIDEVA. The Kindest and the most liberal of the Kings in ancient India.
RATI  Wife of Kamadeva
RAVANA. The Raksasa King of Lanka who had ten heads.
RBHUS.Rbhus are a group of divine beings who attained divinity by performing tapas
RSABHA  A muni (sage) who was the grandson of King Agnidhra.
RUKMINI. The chief queen of Sri Krsna.

SABARI. A woman of the tribe of forest-dwellers. Sri Rama, during his life in the forest, gave her salvation.
SACI. Daughter of Puloma and wife of Indr a.
SAGARA. A king of the solar dynasty, Sagara ruled Ayodhya.
SAIVACAPA. Siva's bow. It was made by Visvakarma.
SAKUNTALA. Foster-daughter of sage Kanva.
SALAGRAMA. A stone emblem of Visnu.
SAMBA . The son born to Sri Krsna by his wife jambavati.

TAKSAKA I. A fierce serpent.
TAPATI. A daughter of Surya.
TATAKA. A fierce demoness.
TEJOVATI. The capital city of Agni.).
TILOTTAMA. A prominent celestial maiden.
TRIGARTA. A powerful kingdom of ancient Bharata.
TRIPURA. A phantom city built by Maya.
TULASI. (Holy Basil plant.
TUMBITRU 1. A Deva Gandharva. He was the best musician among the Gandharvas.

UGRASENA . King Ugrasena, father of Kamsa:
ULUKA. The son of sakuni.
ULUTPI. Wife of Arjuna.
URAGA. A class of serpents.
URVASI I. A famous celestial damsel.
USA . The daughter of Banasura and the wife of Aniruddha.
UTTARA . The son of King Virata of Matsya
UTTARA Daughter of Virata, the King of Matsya.

VAIKUNTHA . The trancendental dwelling place of Mahavisnu.
VAJRAYUDHA (Thunderbolt). The famous weapon of Indra.
VALMIKI . A hermit who was the first among poets and the author of Ramayana.
VAMANA I. An incarnation of Mahavisru.
VARAHA. (Boar). One of the ten incarnations of Mahavisnuu
VARUNA . One of the eight guardians of the quarters. God of the ocean
VASISTHA. A hermit who was the son of Brahma
VASUDEVA. Father of Sri Krsna.
VASUKI. One of the famous Nagas (serpents).
VASUKITIRTHA. A holy place situated on the banks of the Ganga in Prayaga.
VAYU - One of the eight guardians of the world. (God of Prana).
VENA . An ancient King who was notorious for his bad rule.
VIBHISANA . Brother of Ravana.
VIKARNA I. One of the hundred sons of Dhrtarastra.
VIKRAMADITYA. Vikramaditya, who is believed to be one of the mighty emperors of Bharata,
VINDA. A prince of Avanti. It is stated that this Vinda had a brother called Anuvinda. The information obtained about
Vinda from Mahabharata is given below
YADU . The founder of Yadava
YAYATI. An eminent king of the Lunar dynasty.
YUDDHA (WAR). In ancient times in India war was considered a "Rajadharma". A war declared under this law was
known as "Dharmayuddha"